Care disease in dogs or measles fever is an acute infectious disease of predators, especially young dogs which are caused by viruses. Infected animals present with skin rash, inflammation of eye mucosa, digestive tract, respiratory tract; fever and nervous system damage and the death rate can be up to 60 – 90%.
What is Care Disease in dogs?
- Care disease in dogs is a common, very dangerous disease, and it can cause death if there is no timely prevention and treatment.
- The disease spreads strongly, the death rate is high on carnivores (dogs, wolves, hyenas, foxes, weasels, bears, …), especially dogs.
- Care disease has not been reported to occur in cats. The most susceptible are young dogs from 3 to 4 months old, the death rate can reach 60 – 90%. After recovering from care, dogs often suffer from nervous system problems.
Cause of Care Disease
- The disease is caused by a type of viral RNA of the Paramycoviridae family, which is distributed worldwide.
- Virus Care in dogs is present in faeces, urine, saliva, tears, and runny nose. Sick dogs are able to excrete the virus within 3 months
- The disease is transmitted through contact with pathogens eliminated by infected dogs, veterinary equipment or from mother to child through the placenta. The care virus penetrates through the respiratory and gastrointestinal mucosa, according to the lymphatic system; from there, the lymph fluid enters the bloodstream and moving throughout the body.
- The disease occurs all year round but mainly occurs when there is a change in weather, especially during a period of heavy rain and high humidity.
Symptoms of Care Disease in Dogs
1. Acute form
- High fever at 40 – 41.5oC, after 1-2 days the temperature decreases, low fever lasts for a long time later. If the dog has pneumonia, it will have a high fever.
- Nose mucus: thinning at first, then gradually thickening, sometimes like pus
- Dogs have difficulty breathing or sometime shortly breath when breathing they gasp
- Dry cough, after coughing with phlegm, drools and coughs last continuously and appear convulsions at the end of the cough.
- Pneumonia, pleurisy, conjunctivitis, keratitis, corneal ulcer, with eye use.
- Damage to organs in the digestive tract
- Dogs eat less, gradually stop eating
- Pharyngitis, tonsillitis, acute gastroenteritis
- There are symptoms of vomiting with yellow discharge
- Dogs have diarrhoea, bloody stools
- After a high fever of 2-3 days, the fever slightly decreases to 38.5 – 39.5oC, the nose is dry.
- The dog was moody and afraid of the light.
- Poor appetite, eat less, reduce food gradually
- Dogs start to have a running nose
- There are symptoms of sneezing, snorting, using feet and picking noses
- Shortness of breath, difficulty breathing
- Hear wet-sounds in the lungs.
- There is a cloudy sound when typing in the lung area.
- Tachycardia, arrhythmia, faint pulse.
+ Tears flow a lot, then it dry, causing lots of eye mucus.
+ Inflammation of the conjunctiva, which becomes red and swollen
+ Keratitis, corneal ulcer
3. Nervous form
- Dogs with acute dog Care but do not die will have a result of neurological sequelae – that is dogs with neurological care.
- Animals appear short nervous euphoria, panic, confusion, kicking without control.
- The appeared phenomenon of convulsions, muscle tremors on the face, abdomen wall, 4 legs.
- There are periodic seizures, which can lead to mild paralysis of the hind legs.
- Paralysis of the bladder and rectum sphincter, so animals excrete faeces, urine arbitrarily.
- Facial nerve paralysis.
Images about symptoms of care disease in dogs
Diagnosis of Care disease in dogs
- Based on epidemiological manifestations, clinical symptoms
- Use PCR POCKIT technique to quickly diagnose Care disease in dogs. POCKIT Xpress and POCKIT Micro are two product lines that are being chosen more today. POCKIT ™ is suitable for those who need fast and mobile diagnosis such as camp technicians, the staff at quarantine stations.
Prevention of disease
1. Hygiene for disease prevention
- Take care of the pet, feed it with full of nutrients.
- Clean the dog’s dwellings with an antiseptic, in case the dog is indoors you can clean the dog’s dwellings with soap; clean and dry the dog cushions in the sun.
- Sick dogs must be completely isolated.
- Newly purchased dogs must be locked up separately and monitored for at least 10 days.
- Dog vaccination periodically every year to create active immunity to dogs against viruses
How to Cure Care in Dogs
- Using antisera for animals will get the best results, but this method is expensive, not all veterinary facilities have antisera for care, so in that case, it is necessary to combine with other treatments.
- Supplement water, electrolytes, an intravenous supplement to strengthen the animal’s resistance.
- Aide: isolate sick dogs, limit external stimulant and stressors.
- Inject under the skin atropin to reduce intestinal motility, reduce vomiting for animals.
- Taking a dog and cat’s diarrhoea medicine (ADP)
- Use of antibiotics against superinfection: gentamycin, kanamycin,…
- Use sedatives: seduce, meprobamate, novocaine,….
- Use antiarrhythmic and stop bleeding drugs for dogs: caffeine, vitamin C, vitamin K, vitamin B1, …
Can Care Disease in Dogs Spread to Humans?
Can Care Disease in dogs spread to humans? This is probably a question that many people are interested in. According to the research results, the Care disease in dogs is not on the list of “diseases which could be transmitted from animals to humans”. Care disease is spread from dog to dog through the respiratory tract, gastrointestinal tract,…
However, we still need to take measures to prevent and sanitize the “puppy” accommodation in a clean way, regularly using disinfectants to protect the barn area.
Care disease in dogs is evaluated as a dangerous disease. So owners need to implement diagnostic methods to help detect the disease as soon as possible to have the most effective treatment for it. Vetguru specializes in providing equipment to diagnose diseases in the vet, giving the fastest and most accurate results.